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This is a companion site to the San Francisco Psychotherapy Research Group Clinic and Training Center website, dedicated to the writings of the San Francisco Psychotherapy Research Group. For an introduction to Control-Mastery theory, the reader is referred to How Psychotherapy Works: The Concepts of Control-Mastery Theory, by Alan Rappoport, Ph.D. A more detailed explanation may be found in Joe Weiss's last book, "How Psychotherapy Works," the article "Advice to Therapists" based on Joe's last book, and in the latest book on Control-Mastery theory, "Transformative Relationships," edited by George Silberschatz.


Many of the articles in this site were published by professional journals, and as such are copyrighted. Their appearance here is in accord with the longstanding practice followed by journals of allowing authors to distribute their articles privately to interested colleagues, either in terms of mailed printed copies or emailed Adobe Acrobat files. This website is intended to facilitate this accepted practice. Therefore, no commercial use may be made of the articles, nor is mass reproduction of the articles permitted.

Articles List by Author

PDF Anderson and Shilkret, 2004: A New Measure and Conception of Resilience for College Students (493 KB)
PDF Bader, 1996: Altruistic Love in Psychoanalysis: Opportunities and Resistances (161 KB)
PDF Bader, 1995: Authenticity and the Psychology of Choice in the Analyst (147 KB)
PDF Bader, 1994: Helping the Patient Get Better: Psychoanalysis, Optimism, and Social Change (97 KB)
PDF Bader, 1993: The Analyst's Use of Humor (167 KB)
PDF Bailey and Shilkret, 2000: Effects of Divorce, Custody Arrangements, and Guilt on College Adjustment (468 KB)
PDF Berman, 2001: Psychoanalysis and Life (240 KB)
PDF Berry; Worthington, Jr.; Parrott, III; O'Connor; and Wade, 2001: Dispositional Forgivingness: Development and Construct Validity of the Transgression Narrative Test of Forgivingness (TNTF) (1.2 MB)
PDF Broitman, Dickman, Ornstein, and Gassner, 1990: A Dialogue between Control-Mastery and Self Psychology (3.9 MB)
PDF Bugas and Silberschatz, 2000: How Patients Coach Their Therapists in Psychotherapy (532 KB)
PDF Bush, 1989: The Role of Unconscious Guilt in Psychopathology and Psychotherapy (583 KB)
PDF Bush and Gassner, 1988: A Description and Clinical Research Application of the Control-Mastery Theory (658 KB)
PDF Chase, 1998: The Development of Pathogenic Beliefs That Result in Chronic Depressive Disorders: A Control Mastery Formulation (249 KB)
PDF Creighton, 1990: Revisiting Shame and Guilt Cultures: A Forty-Year Pilgrimage (2.7 MB)
PDF NEW! Cristofalo, 1995: Using Control-Mastery Theory in a Therapy Group for Single Men and Women That Focuses on Relationship Issues (104 KB)
PDF Curtis and Silberschatz, 1986: Clinical Implications of Research on Brief Dynamic Psychotherapy I. Formulating the Patient's Problems and Goals (633 KB)
PDF Silberschatz and Curtis, 1986: Clinical Implications of Research on Brief Dynamic Psychotherapy II. How the Therapist Helps or Hinders Therapeutic Progress (516 KB)
PDF Curtis, Silberschatz, Sampson, and Weiss, 1994: The Plan Formulation Method (559 KB)
PDF Esherick, O'Connor, Berry, and Weiss, 1999: The Role of Guilt in Obsessions and Compulsions (852 KB)
PDF NEW! Foreman, undated: Child Psychotherapy: The Contribution of Control-Mastery Theory (148 KB)
PDF Foreman, 1996a: The Significance of Turning Passive into Active in Control Mastery Theory (1 MB)
PDF Foreman 1996b: The Difficult Couple (187 KB)
PDF NEW! Foreman, Gibbins, Grienenberger, and Berry, 2000: Developing Methods to Study Child Psychotherapy Using New Scales of Therapeutic Alliance and Progressiveness (156 KB)
PDF NEW! Foreman and Marmar, 1985: Therapist Actions That Address Initially Poor Therapeutic Alliances in Psychotherapy (177 KB)
PDF Fretter, 1995: A Control-Mastery Case Formulation of a Successful Treatment for Major Depression (953 KB)
PDF Fretter, Bucci, Broitman, Silberschatz, and Curtis, 1994: How the Patient's Plan Relates to the Concept of Transference (827 KB)
PDF Friedman,1985: Survivor Guilt in the Pathogenesis of Anorexia Nervosa (1.1 MB)
PDF Gassner, 2005: Control-Mastery Theory and Cyclical Psychodynamics: Commentary on the Weiss vs. Wachtel and DeMichele Dialogue (469 KB)
PDF Gassner, 2004: The Role of Traumatic Experience in Panic Disorder and Agoraphobia (1.5 MB)
PDF Gassner, 2001: The Central Role of Pathogenic Expectations and Beliefs in a Case of Intense Genital Damage Anxiety (1.4 MB)
PDF Gassner and Bush, 1998: Research on Unconscious Mental Functioning in Relationship to the Therapeutic Process (2 MB)
PDF Gassner, Sampson, Weiss, and Brumer, 1982: The Emergence of Warded-Off Contents (869 KB)
PDF Goldberg, 1997: Bruno Bettelheim — Blaming the Victim (book reviews) (99 KB)
PDF Goldberg, Undated: ‘Dr.’ Laura — Is There a Doctor in the House? (75 KB)
PDF Hahn, 2000: Shame: Countertransference Identifications in Individual Therapy (1.11 MB)
PDF Haydon and Shilkret, 2001: Attachment Style, Emotional Expressiveness, and Guilt among College Women (406 KB)
PDF Horowitz, Sampson, Siegelman, Weiss, and Goodfriend, 1978: Case Study - Cohesive and Dispersal Behaviors: Two Classes of Concomitant Change in Psychotherapy (285 KB)
PDF Horowitz, Sampson, Siegelman, Wolfson, and Weiss, 1975: On the Identification of Warded-Off Mental Contents: An Empirical and Methodological Contribution (617 KB)
PDF Jordan, 2001: A Relational-Cultural Model: Healing through Mutual Empathy (1.3 MB)
PDF Jorgensen, 2004: Active Ingredients in Individual Psychotherapy: Searching for Common Factors (124 KB)
PDF Kanofsky and Lieb, 2007: Control Mastery Theory and Family Therapy (228 KB)
PDF Migone and Liotti, 1998: Psychoanalysis and Cognitive-evolutionary Psychology: An Attempt at Integration (2.10 MB)
PDF NEW! Martin, 2009: Control-Mastery Theory Meets Depth Psychological Theory: A User-friendly and Advantageous Relationship (38 KB)
PDF Meehan, O'Connor, Berry, Weiss, Morrison, and Acampora, 1996: Guilt, Shame, and Depression in Clients in Recovery from Addiction (885 KB)
PDF Messer and Holland, 1998: Therapist Interventions and Patient Progress in Brief Psychodynamic Therapy: Single-Case Design (1.75 MB)
PDF Mills, 2005: Taking Stock of the Developmental Literature on Shame (411 KB)
PDF Modell, Weiss, and Sampson, 1983: Narcissism, Masochism, and the Sense of Guilt in Relation to the Therapeutic Process (2.2 MB)
PDF Morray and Shilkret, 2002: ‘Mother, Please! I’d Rather Do It Myself!’ Maternal Intrusiveness, Daughters’ Guilt, and Separation as Related to College Adjustment (118 KB)
PDF NEW! Nol, C. Shilkret, and R. Shilkret, 2008: Control-Mastery Theory and Contemporary Social Work Practice (132 KB)
PDF O'Connor, 2002: Pathogenic Beliefs and Guilt in Human Evolution: Implications for Psychotherapy (1.6 MB)
PDF O'Connor, 1996: Altruism as a Fundamental Unconscious Motivation (284 KB)
PDF O'Connor and Berry, 1990: The Drug-of-Choice Phenomenon: Why Addicts Start Using Their Preferred Drug (509 KB)
PDF O'Connor, Berry, Inaba, Weiss, and Morrison, 1994: Shame, Guilt, and Depression in Men and Women in Recovery from Addiction (654 KB)
PDF O'Connor, Berry, Morrison, and Brown, 1995: The Drug-of-Choice Phenomenon: Psychological Differences among Drug Users Who Preferred Different Drugs (476 KB)
PDF O'Connor, Berry, Morrison, and Brown, 1992: Retrospective Reports of Psychiatric Symptoms before, during, and after Drug Use in a Recovering Population (352 KB)
PDF O'Connor, Berry, and Weiss, 1999: Interpersonal Guilt, Shame, and Psychological Problems (1.1 MB)
PDF O'Connor, Berry, Weiss, Bush, and Sampson,1997: Interpersonal Guilt: The Development of a New Measure (137 KB)
PDF O'Connor, Berry, Weiss, and Gilbert, 2002: Guilt, Fear, Submission, and Empathy in Depression (77 KB)
PDF O'Connor, Berry, Weiss, Schweitzer and Sevier, 2000: Survival Guilt, Submissive Behaviour, and Evolutionary Theory: The Down-side of Winning in Social Comparison (910 KB)
PDF O'Connor, Edelstein, and Berry, 1994: Changes in the Patient's Level of Insight in Brief Psychotherapy: Two Pilot Studies (654 KB)
PDF O'Connor, Esherick, and Vieten, 2002: Drug- and Alcohol-Abusing Women (1.4 MB)
PDF O'Connor and Weiss, 1993: Individual Psychotherapy for Addicted Clients: An Application of Control Mastery Theory (776 KB)
PDF O'Connor, Weiss, and Sampson, 2000: Let the People Have (Empirically Valid) Therapy (222 KB)
PDF Persons and Silberschatz, 1998: Are Results of Randomized Controlled Trials Useful to Psychotherapitst? (1 MB)
PDF Pole and Bloomberg-Fretter, 2006: Using Control Mastery Therapy to Treat Major Depression and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (1 MB)
PDF Pole, Ablon, and O'Connor, 2008: Using Psychodynamic, Cognitive Behavioral, and Control Mastery Prototypes to Predict Change: A New Look at an Old Paradigm for Long-Term Single-Case Research (79 KB)
PDF Pole, Ablon, O’Connor, and Weiss, 2002: Ideal Control Mastery Technique Correlates with Change in a Single Case (79 KB)
PDF Pole and Jones, 1998: The Talking Cure Revisited: Content Analyses of a Two-Year Psychodynamic Therapy (115 KB)
PDF Rappoport, 2005: Co-Narcissism: How We Accommodate to Narcissistic Parents (32 KB)
PDF Rappoport, 2002: How Psychotherapy Works: The Concepts of Control-Mastery Theory (21 KB)
PDF Rappoport, 1997: The Patient's Search for Safety: The Organizing Principle in Psychotherapy (56 KB)
PDF Rappoport, 1996a: Freeing Oneself from Pathogenic Adaptations: A Contribution to Control-Mastery Theory (24 KB)
PDF Rappoport, 1996b: The Structure of Psychotherapy: Control-Mastery Theory’s Diagnostic Plan Formulation (48 KB)
PDF Rosenberg, Silberschatz, Curtis, Sampson, and Weiss, 1986: A Method for Establishing Reliability of Statements from Psychodynamic Case Formulations (230 KB)
PDF Sampson, 1994: Treatment by Attitudes (337 KB)
PDF Sampson, 1992a: A New Psychoanalytic Theory and Its Testing in Research (1.4 MB)
PDF Sampson, 1992b: Reply to Greenberg (230 KB)
PDF Sampson, 1992c: The Role of 'Real' Experience in Psychopathology and Treatment (963 KB)
PDF Sampson, 1991: Experience and Insight in the Resolution of Transferences (396 KB)
PDF Sampson, 1990a: How the Patient's Sense of Danger and Safety Influence the Analytic Process (519 KB)
PDF Sampson, 1990b: The Problem of Adaptation to Reality in Psychoanalytic Theory (721 KB)
PDF Sampson, 1976: A Critique of Certain Traditional Concepts in the Psychoanalytic Theory of Therapy (375 KB)
PDF Sampson, 1966: Psychological Effects of Deprivation of Dreaming Sleep (1.2 MB)
PDF Sampson, 1965: Deprivation of Dreaming Sleep by Two Methods (676 KB)
PDF Sampson and Weiss, 1986: Testing Hypotheses: The Approach of the Mount Zion Psychotherapy Research Group (1.4 MB)
PDF Sampson, Weiss, and Caston, 1976: Research on the Psychoanalytic Process (1.06 MB)
PDF Sampson, Weiss, Mlodnosky, and Hause, 1972: Defense Analysis and the Emergence of Warded-Off Mental Contents: An Emperical Study (974 KB)
PDF NEW! Shilkret, 2008: Long-Term Therapy in the Age of Managed Care: The Case of Don (144 KB)
PDF Shilkret, 2003: Psychodynamic Studies of College Adjustment (275 KB)
PDF Shilkret, C., 2002: The Role of Unconscious Pathogenic Beliefs: Agoraphobia (716 KB)
PDF Shilkret and Nigrosh, 1997: Assessing Students' Plans for College (1.1 MB)
PDF Shilkret, R., and C. Shilkret, 1993: How Does Psychotherapy Work? Findings of the San Francisco Psychotherapy Research Group (1 MB)
PDF Shilkret and Vecchiotti, 1997: Parenting Styles, Guilt, and College Adjustment (108 KB)
PDF Siegel, 2001: Toward an Interpersonal Neurobiology of the Developing Mind: Attachment Relationships, "Mindsight," and Neural Integration (274 KB)
PDF Silberschatz, 2008: How Patients Work on Their Plans and Test Their Therapists in Psychotherapy (134 KB)
PDF Silberschatz, 2007: Comments on "the Necessary and Sufficient Conditions of Therapeutic Personality Change" (57 KB)
PDF Silberschatz and Curtis, 1993: Measuring the Therapist's Impact on the Patient's Therapeutic Progress (830 KB)
PDF Silberschatz, Curtis, Fretter, and Kelly, undated: Testing Hypotheses of Psychotherapeutic Change Processes (416 KB)
PDF Silberschatz, Curtis, Sampson, and Weiss, undated: Chapter 7 - Mount Zion Hospital and Medical Center: Research on the Process of Change in Psychotherapy (210 KB)
PDF Silberschatz and Sampson, 1991: Affects in Psychopathology and Psychotherapy (896 KB)
PDF Silberschatz, Fretter, and Curtis, 1986: How Do Interpretations Influence the Process of Psychotherapy? (598 KB)
PDF Simone and Shilkret, 2001: Attachment, Guilt, and Symptomatology among Incarcerated Women (122 KB)
PDF Sohn, Jenny, Weiss, O'Connor, Berry, and Meehan, Undated: Changes in the Level of Insight in a Psychoanalysis (910 KB)
PDF Steinberg and Weiss, 1954: The Art of Edvard Munch and Its Function in His Mental Life (932 KB)
PDF Thomas, 2005: Dissociation and Internal Models of Protection: Psychotherapy with Child Abuse Survivors (120 KB)
PDF Troyer, Acampora, O'Connor, and Berry, 1995: The Changing Relationship between Therapeutic Communities and 12-Step Programs: A Survey (363 KB)
PDF Vogel, 1998: The Negative Impact of Survivor Guilt on Marriage (530 KB)
PDF Wallerstein and Sampson, 1971: Issues in Research in the Psychoanalytic Process (4 MB)
PDF NEW! Weiss: Advice for Therapists (331 KB)
PDF Weiss, 2002: Control-Mastery Theory (385 KB)
PDF Weiss, 1998a: Bondage Fantasies and Beating Fantasies (908 KB)
PDF Weiss, 1998b: Patients' Unconscious Plans for Solving Their Problems, Plus Commentary and Reply (2.14 MB)
PDF Weiss, 1995a: Bernfeld's 'The Facts of Observation in Psychoanalysis': A Response from Psychoanalytic Research (942 KB)
PDF Weiss, 1995b: Clinical Applications of Control-Mastery Theory (211 KB)
PDF Weiss, 1995c: Lichtenberg's Theory of Therapy (426 KB)
PDF Weiss, 1994: The Analyst's Task: To Help the Patient Carry Out His Plan(739 KB)
PDF Weiss, 1993: Emperical Studies of the Psychoanalytic Process (1.1 MB)
PDF Weiss, 1992: The Role of Interpretation (779 KB)
PDF Weiss, 1990a: The Centrality of Adaptation (820 KB)
PDF Weiss, 1990b: The Nature of the Patient's Problems and How in Psychoanalysis the Individual 'Works to Solve Them (439 KB)
PDF Weiss, 1990: Unconscious Mental Functioning (652 KB)
PDF Weiss, 1976: The Theory Which We Are Testing and the Evidence for It (379 KB)
PDF Weiss, 1971: The Emergence of New Themes: A Contribution to the Psychoanalytic Theory of Therapy (811 KB)
PDF Weiss, 1968: Stripping Away and Integration: Two Perspectives on the Therapeutic Process (582 KB)
PDF Weiss, 1967: The Integration of Defences (414 KB)
PDF Weiss, 1966: Clinical and Theoretical Aspects of "As If" Characters (1.2 MB)
PDF Weiss, 1959a: Bowel Obstruction: A Case Presentation (158 KB)
PDF Weiss, 1959b: Intensity as a Character Trait (397 KB)
PDF Weiss, 1952: Crying at the Happy Ending (80 KB)
PDF Weiss, 1947: A Psychological Theory of Formal Beauty (396 KB)
PDF Weiss, Undated a: Certain Facets of the Therapeutic Pocess (777 kB)
PDF Weiss, Undated b: The Patient's Adaptive Uses of the Analyst (908 KB)
PDF Weiss (Jules), 1972: Continuing Research: The Modification of Defenses in Psychoanalysis (1.2 MB)
PDF Weiss, Rogers, Darwin, and Dutton, 1955: A Study of Girl Sex Victims (1.4 MB)
PDF Weiss and Sampson, 1982: Psychotherapy Research: Theory and Findings (1.4 MB)
PDF Weiss, Sampson, and Mt Zion Psychotherapy Research Group, 1986: A Discussion of Joe Weiss's Theory of the Psychoanalytic Process as Presented in The Psychoanalytic Process: Theory, Clinical Observations, and Empirical Research (11 MB)
PDF Weiss, Sampson, Caston, Silberschatz, and Gassner, 1977: Research on the Psychoanalytic Process I and II (2.7 MB)
PDF Weiss, Sampson, Gassner, and Caston, 1980: Further Research on the Psychoanalytic Process (3.2 MB)
PDF Worthington, O'Connor, Berry, Sharp, Murray, and Yi, 2005: Compassion and Forgiveness: Implications for Psychotherapy (1.4 MB)
PDF Zeitlin, 1991: Control-Mastery Theory in Couples Therapy (2 MB)
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